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Keelung Sino-French War Memorial Compound Public Space

​基隆沙灣歷史文化園區

位處基隆市東岸之沙灣地區,是雞籠先民最早的定居處之一,曾經擁有基隆唯一的海水浴場,為目前臺灣少數現存經歷鴉片戰爭、清法戰爭的歷史遺跡現場等重要歷史場景,因此造就沙灣歷史文化園區基地在各種時間及空間尺度上具有重要的價值。以大尺度來看,它是基隆大沙灣歷史場景計畫的歷史核心,有機會將一公里範圍內的歷史遺址串連成為都市歷史敘事動線;而在小尺度上,基地範圍內密集乘載許多不同年代的遺跡,如清法戰爭時期建造的基隆法國公墓、能追溯至清朝時期所遺留下來的大沙灣石圍遺構、日治時期的要塞司令部官邸及校官眷舍,及民國時期的機關建築,皆相互共存於此地。

 

原先,基地靠近基隆港一側被港務公司圍牆阻斷視線及動線,同時也被既有建築物及其他機構的外牆切分為許多難以利用的零碎空間,更缺乏連續且適宜的步行環境。因此,藉由跨部門的整合,企圖整合都市空間、文化遺址、社區發展等不同面向,從空間上重新連結港灣與居民的生活關係,在文化上則串連不同年朝代更迭所遺留的空間邊界遺址。

 

透過整合相關沙灣古蹟群歷史敘事空間,以特色區概念進行整合規劃。為強化入口廣場意象,以下沉式階梯及陣列植栽圍塑出環形廣場,且在空間型態上呼應此區與港口船隻的關係,使民眾能以從甲板上的視角觀看前方大沙灣石圍遺址,並加入其他海港之元素,彷彿身歷即將遠洋的船隻上,試圖以新的空間操作手法重現過去的歷史環境景致。

 

整體規劃上試圖以材料、工法出發,藉以凸顯清代遺留的砲台 - 石圍遺構;以砂質鋪面呈現過去二沙灣沙灘及水岸的邊界。在全區內創造一系列圍繞不同年代遺址的敘事性公共空間,提供未來參訪民眾一條具有歷史脈絡的動線系統及能舉辦集體紀念活動的儀式性場域,更以連續性的公園地景,提供民眾觀看石圍遺構的多元角度,強化並豐富遊客與當地居民在遊憩時的經驗,能在此園區看見基隆獨特的「海港—城市—山丘—歷史」共生依附的關係,體驗自然地景、社會人文與歷史遺址等脈絡,藉此走進大尺度的歷史場景計畫。

The project initiated an ongoing urban redevelopment initiative. It started with a competition held by the city, and it was at first a public work financed by a hodgepodge of subsidies from the central government. The competition was open but required the submission of a planning proposal and some design guidelines. Once adjudicated, the project has gone through an intense development process that saw it debated with the municipal offices, the financing bodies, and the local stakeholders.

The site is jammed between the harbor, once militarized, and the road infrastructure, constrained by a close promontory. Due to geographic-historical reasons, here one could find several heritage pieces -e.g., a French cemetery dating back to the Sino-French war, seaside villas from the Japanese era, etc.- but these were accessible to archaeological research only. The rest was occupied by illegal superfetations and fenced plots of land, often used as private car parking.

The project consisted of demolishing a disused military facility, removing superfetations, developing walkable surfaces, opening the enclosures, and reorganizing the open space in consideration of some programmatic interventions. Today, if something is still to be implemented due to interactions with other projects, we are planning some additional landscape interventions together with a path linking to a historical fortification closely located. This should further consolidate the interweaving of heritage and daily life that characterizes this new “neighborhood core.”

Indeed, the project targeted the creation of a new public space based on an intense mix of socially relevant functions or spaces, elaborating on and reinterpreting the existing resources. Due to this, the urban design is based on topographic work balancing spatial continuity and the definition of gathering areas. Also, it aims at offering an ordering principle to facilitate the coexistence of residents' lives and the activities of the people from the neighborhood and beyond.

Today, the site features a historical Japanese villa where a new bookshop will be open, a kids’ play area, a semi-natural amphitheater facing historical remnants -adequate for the frequent neighborhood events, a square adjacent to an old walk-up -where someone is already opening a coffee-shop, space for the extension of the residents’ activity outdoor, two different memorials -that are used for seasonal celebrations, and the French cemetery, now opened up as a park.

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🏅 獲獎 Award

2022 奧斯陸建築參年展 Oslo Architecture Triennale/佳作 honorable mention

2021 第九屆台灣景觀大獎/公共開放空間類-優質獎

2020 第八屆台灣景觀大獎/環境規劃設計類 佳作

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LOCATION|Keelung, Taiwan

YEAR|2021

COLLABORATORS| 

指導單位|基隆市文化局

主辦單位|基隆市政府都市發展處

設計規劃|BIAS Architects & Associates 衍序規劃設計顧問有限公司 + 陳漢儒建築師事務所

施工單位|明鈴營造有限公司

平面攝影|Studio Millspace 揅空間工作室

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